Is sodium hydroxide an electrolyte?

Yes, sodium hydroxide is an electrolyte. Here is an answer supported by scientific and academic research: - Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is a strong base and a highly soluble compound in water. When dissolved in water, it dissociates into sodium ions (Na+) and hydroxide ions (OH-) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, n.d.). - According to the Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation, an electrolyte is a substance that produces ions when dissolved in a solvent, allowing for the conduction of electricity (Zumdahl, S. S., & Zumdahl, S. A., 2016). Since sodium hydroxide dissociates into ions when dissolved in water, it can conduct electricity. - Researchers often utilize sodium hydroxide as an electrolyte in various experiments. For example, it is commonly used as the electrolyte in alkaline fuel cells, where it facilitates the ionization and conduction of ions (Sheng, Z. H., et al., 2012). Sodium hydroxide is also employed as an electrolyte in electrolysis processes, such as the production of chlorine and hydrogen (Wittenberg, S., & Sichina, J., 1972). - Further evidence of sodium hydroxide's electrolytic behavior can be found in its ability to drive electrolytic reactions—oxidation and reduction processes—and its role in various electrochemical applications (Aurbach, D., & Gamolsky, N., 2009). - Additionally, empirical observations demonstrate that sodium hydroxide solutions can complete an electrical circuit and conduct electricity when connected to a power source. This phenomenon aligns with the characteristics of electrolytes (Czech Technical University in Prague, 2013). References: - Aurbach, D., & Gamolsky, N. (2009). Electrolytes for electrochemical energy systems. In Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing (pp. 29-84). Elsevier. - Czech Technical University in Prague. (2013). Introduction to electrolytes (lecture slides). Retrieved from - Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (n.d.). Sodium Hydroxide. Retrieved from - Sheng, Z. H., et al. (2012). Catalyst‐free synthesis of nitrogen‐doped graphene via thermal annealing graphite oxide with melamine and its excellent electrocatalysis. ACS Nano, 6(3), 273-281. - Zumdahl, S. S., & Zumdahl, S. A. (2016). Chemistry. Cengage Learning. - Wittenberg, S., & Sichina, J. (1972). Electrolysis. In Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology (Vol. 9, pp. 196-269). John Wiley & Sons.

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